The Montessori Classroom for 3 to 6 Year Olds
“It is the child who makes the man, and no man exists who was not made by the child he once was.”
—Dr. Maria Montessori
Practical Life activities instill in the child a sense of independence, order, coordination, concentration and, respect for oneself, others, and the surrounding environment. By practicing the basic skills of everyday life, a child has experience when encountering these tasks in the real world. Social awareness and responsibility develop through Grace and Courtesy lessons presented and practiced daily. Practical Life activities are also preparation for writing and reading through the development of fine motor skills, eye/hand coordination, and the ablility to follow a sequence from beginning to completion.
Through work with the Sensorial hands-on materials a child is able to explore each of the five senses. They learn to recognize and distinguish subtle differences, discriminate between similar objects, and grade similar objects. A child discovers dimension, shape, color, texture, weight, aroma, taste, pitch, and their relationships with an array of interesting activities.
Language Arts includes oral language development, reading, creative dramatics, written expression, children’s literature and the study of grammar. The purpose of the Language area is to help the child express himself and to communicate with others verbally and through the written word. By providing a stimulating, literature rich environment, broad exposure to oral language exercises, and opportunities for self- expression, a child often becomes interested in writing, reading, and penmanship activities.
The purpose of the Math activities is to introduce the child to symbols, quantities, properties, and uses of numbers. The hands-on materials and the sequence and order of the activities allow the child to explore mathematical concepts concretely and then move easily to the abstract level. Each work builds on the previous one, and progresses at a child’s own pace.
The purpose to the Cultural lessons is to introduce the child to aspects of the world beyond himself and to broaden his life experience. Geography, history, science, art and music are presented to the child through various materials, projects, and experiences. The activities allow the child to learn about people, places, traditions, and the natural world.